These were the dark years for men of Middle-earth, but the years of glory of Numenor. Of events in Middle-earth the records are few and brief, and their dates are often uncertain.
In the begining of this age many of the Eldar still remained. Most of these dwelt in Lindon west of the Ered Luin; but before the building of the Barad-dur many of the Sindar passed eastward, and some established realms in the forests far away, where their people were mostly the Avari (silvan elves). Thranduil (the Wood Elf King from the Hobbit) was king in the north of Greenwood the Great (later to become Mirkwood). In Lindon north of the Lune dwelt Gil-Galad, last of the Kings of the Noldor. He was acknowledged as High King of the Elves of the West. In Lindon south of the Lune dwelt for a time Celeborn, kinsman of Thingol (King of the Sindar Elves) and his wife Galadriel, greatest of Elven women (She was a kinsman of Gil-Galad and a Noldoran Elf).
Later some of the Noldor went to Eregion, upon the west of the Misty Mountains, and near the west gate of Moria. This they did because they learned that Mithril had been discovered in Moria. The Noldor were great craftsmen and less unfriendly to the Dwarves than the Sindar ; But the friendship that grew between the people of Durin and the Elven-smiths of Eregion was the closest that their has ever been between the two races. Celebrimbor was lord of Eregion and the greatest of their craftsmen; he was a decendant from the Noldoran King of Kings.
The Tale of Years;
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1 Foundation of the Grey Havens, and of Lindon
32 The Edain reach Numenor
40 Many Dwarves leaving their old cities in Ered Luin go to Moria and swell its numbers
442 Death of Elros Tar-Minyatur (brother of Elrond Half-Elven, master of Rivendell)
500 Sauron begins to stir again in Middle-earth
600 The first ships of the Numenoreans appear off the coasts
750 Eregion founded by the Noldor
1000 Sauron alarmed by the power of the Numenoreans, chooses Mordor as a land to make into
____a stronghold. He begins the building of the Barad-Dur.
1200 Sauron endeavors to seduce to Eldar. Gil-Galad refuses to treat with him; but the smiths of
____Eregion are won over. The Numenoreans begin to make permanent havens.
1500 The Elven-smiths instucted by Sauron reach the height of their skills. They begin the forging
____of the Rings of Power.
1590 The Three Rings are completed in Eregion.
1600 Sauron forges the One Ring in Mount Doom. He completes the Barad-Dur. Celebrimbor
____percieves the designes of Sauron.
1693 War of the Elves and Sauron begins. The Three Rings are hidden.
1695 Sauron's forces invade Eriador. Gil-Galad sends Elrond to Eregion.
1697 Eregion laid waste. Death of Celebrimbor. The gates of Moria are shut. Elrond retreats with
____remnant of the Noldor and founds the refuge of Imladris (Riveldell).
1700 Tar-Minastir (King of the Numenoreans) sends a great navy from Numenor ot Lindon. Sauron is defeated.
1701 Sauron is driven out of Eriador. The Westlands have peace for a long while.
1800 From about this time onwards the Numenoreans begin to establish dominions on the coasts. Sauron
____extends his power eastwards. The shadow falls on Numenor.
2251 Tar-Atanamir takes the sceptre. Rebellion and division of the Numenoreans begins. About this time
____the Nazgul or Ringwraiths, slaves of the Nine Rings, first appear.
2380 Umbar is made into a great fortress of Numenor.
2350 Pelargir is built. It becomes the chief haven for the Faithful Numenoreans.
2899 Ar-Adunakhor takes the sceptere.
3175 Repentance of Tar-Palantir. Civil war in Numenor.
3255 Ar-Pharazon the Golden seizes the sceptre.
3261 Ar-Pharazon sets sail and lands at Umbar.
3262 Sauron is taken prisoner to Numenor; 3262-3310 Sauron seduces the King and corrupts the Numenoreans.
3310 Ar-Pharazon begins the building of the Great Armament.
3319 Ar-Pharazon assails the Kingdom of the Valar. Downfall of Numenor. Elendil and his sons escape.
3320 Foundations of the Realms in Exile; Arnor and Gondor. The Stones are devided. Sauron returns to Mordor.
3429 Sauron attacks Gondor, takes Minas Ithil and burns the White Tree. Isildur escapes down the River Anduin
____and goes to his father, Elendil, in the north. Anarion (Elendils other son) defends Minas Anor and Osgiliath.
3430 The Last Alliance of Elves and Men is formed.
3431 Gil-Galad and Elendil march east to Imladris.
3434 The host of the Alliance crosses the Misty Mountains. Battle of Dagorlad and defeat of Sauron.
____Siege of Barad-Dur begins.
3440 Anarion is slain.
3441 Sauron overthrown by Gil-Galad and Elendil, who perish. Isildur takes the One Ring. Sauron
____passes away and the Ringwraiths go into the shadows. The Second Age ends.
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Sauron: Of old there was Sauron the Maia, whom the Sindar in Beleriand named Gorthaur. In the begining of the world Morgoth seduced him to his allegience, and he became the greatest and most trusted of the servents of the Enemy, and the most perilous, for he could assume many forms, and for long if he willed he could still appear noble and beautiful, so as to decieve all but the most wary.
When Thangorodrim was broken and Morgoth overthrown, Sauron put on his fair guise and bowed down to the Valar and abjured all his eveil deeds. And some hold that this was not at first falsely done, but that Sauron in truth repented, if only out of fear, being dismayed by the fall of Morgoth and the great wrath of the Lords of the West. He was commanded to return to the West and recieve the Judgement of the Valar. Then Sauron was ashamed, and he was unwilling to return in humiliation and to recieve from the Valar a sentence, it might be, of long servitude in proof of his good faith; for under Morgoth his power had been great. Therefore he hid himself in Middle-earth and he fell back to evil, for the bonds that Morgoth had laid upon him were very strong.